Style Guide

Table of Contents
Article Type Style Guide
General Writing Style Guidelines
Main Body Style Guide
Reference Style Guide
Image Use
Proofreading

Article Type Style Guide

Feature Articles:

  • FCJ accepts Feature Article submissions when in response to an open CFP. FCJ will not accept unsolicited Feature Article submissions passed the CFP deadline.
  • Text formatting: Font Times New Roman; Font size 12, double-spaced throughout (including title).
  • Word Count: 5,000-7,000 (max), inclusive of endnotes, but exclusive of the bibliography.
  • Article title should appear at the beginning of the article ‘aligned-left’; Font Times New Roman; Font size 12; Bold.
  • Divisions of a Feature Article include: Introduction, Summary, Literature Review, Methodology, Analysis and Conclusion.
  • Page numbers should be included; Font Times New Roman; Font size 12; placed in the bottom right-hand corner of the page.
  • Notes (Endnotes), References and a 150-word, third-person bio should appear at the end of the article, after the main text.
  • All formatting and referencing should follow the Chicago Manual of style.
  • Must be original, unpublished and not under consideration elsewhere.

Point-of-View (POV):

  • FCJ accepts POV article submissions when in response to an open CFP. FCJ will not accept unsolicited POV article submissions passed the CFP deadline.
  • Text formatting: Font Times New Roman; Font size 12, double-spaced throughout (including title).
  • Word Count: 1,000-3,000 (max), inclusive of endnotes, but exclusive of the bibliography.
  • Article title should appear at the beginning of the article ‘aligned-left’; Font Times New Roman; Font size 12; Bold.
  • Divisions of a POV article include: Introduction, Summary, Critical Evaluation, Analysis, and Conclusion.
  • Notes (Endnotes), References and a 150-word, third-person bio should appear at the end of the article, after the main text.
  • All formatting and referencing should follow the Chicago Manual of style.
  • Must be original, unpublished and not under consideration elsewhere.

Film Featurettes:

  • FCJ accepts Film Featurette submissions when in response to an open CFP. FCJ will not accept unsolicited Film Featurette submissions passed the CFP deadline.
  • Text formatting: Font Times New Roman; Font size 12, double-spaced throughout (including title).
  • Word Count: 1,000-3,000 (max), inclusive of endnotes, but exclusive of the bibliography.
  • Article title should appear at the beginning of the article ‘aligned-left’; Font Times New Roman; Font size 12; Bold.
  • Divisions of a Film Featurette article include: Introduction, Summary, Critical Evaluation, Analysis, and Conclusion.
  • Notes (Endnotes), References and a 150-word, third-person bio should appear at the end of the article, after the main text.
  • All formatting and referencing should follow the Chicago Manual of style.
  • Must be original, unpublished and not under consideration elsewhere.

Scene Reviews:

  • FCJ accepts Scene Review submissions when in response to an open CFP. FCJ will not accept unsolicited Scene Review submissions passed the CFP deadline.
  • Text formatting: Font Times New Roman; Font size 12, double-spaced throughout (including title).
  • Word Count: 1,000-1,500 (max), inclusive of endnotes, but exclusive of the bibliography.
  • Article title should appear at the beginning of the article ‘aligned-left’; Font Times New Roman; Font size 12; Bold.
  • Divisions of a Scene Review article include: Introduction, Summary, Critical Evaluation, Analysis, and Conclusion.
  • All Notes (Endnotes), References and a 150-word, third-person bio should appear at the end of the article, after the main text.
  • All formatting and referencing should follow the Chicago Manual of style.
  • Must be original, unpublished and not under consideration elsewhere.

Book Reviews:

  • FCJ accepts relevant Book Reviews (of books published or reprinted within the last three years, from the time of first contact) for consideration.
  • The Book Review section operates on an open call system.
  • Publishers, authors, and prospective reviewers should contact the editorial board if they wish to arrange a review.
  • Text formatting: Font Times New Roman; Font size 12, double-spaced throughout (including title).
  • Word Count: 1,000-1,500 (max), inclusive of endnotes, but exclusive of any bibliography provided.
  • The book’s title should appear at the beginning of the article ‘aligned-left’, as the article’s title; Font Times New Roman; Font size 12; Bold.
  • The next line following the article’s title should be the full name of the book’s author; Font Times New Roman; Font size 12; Bold.
  • The next sentence line should supply the book’s publisher and its year of release; Font Times New Roman; Font size 12; Bold.
  • The next sentence line should supply the reviewer’s name and affiliation: “Reviewed by…”; Font Times New Roman; Font size 12; Bold.
  • Any references should appear at the end of the review, after the main text.
  • All formatting and referencing should follow the Chicago Manual of Style.
  • Must be original, unpublished and not under consideration elsewhere.

Video Essays:

  • FCJ accepts Video Essay submissions when in response to an open CFP. FCJ will not accept unsolicited Video Essay submissions passed the CFP deadline.
  • Can be of a varying length.
  • Must be supplied via an online platform (Vimeo, Youtube).
  • All references utilised in a video essay must appear at the end of the main content in Chicago Manual of Style Formatting.

General Writing Style Guidelines

All essays, articles and reviews must adhere fully to Frames Cinema Journal’s Style Guide upon submission.

It is the responsibility of the author to ensure that the rules – as well as those set by the editorial board – are adhered to meticulously throughout each piece that is submitted for consideration.

Spelling

Frames Cinema Journal uses English spelling conventions (i.e. Analyse not Analyze, colour not color, contextualise not contextualize.) Please set your document to “English (UK)”.

Main Text Format

Text should be consistently double-spaced (including Notes, Bibliography, Filmography, and indented quotes).

Font:

Use Times New Roman; Font size 12 throughout.

Block Quotations

For block quotations, (which are also called extracts):

  • A prose quotation of five or more lines, or more than 100 words, should be blocked.
  • CMOS recommends blocking two or more lines of poetry.
  • A blocked quotation does not get enclosed in quotation marks.
  • A blocked quotation must always begin a new line.
  • Blocked quotations should be indented with the word processor’s indention tool.

Page Numbers

Include page numbers in all essays but not in shorter articles or reviews. Use Times New Roman size 12, and place in the bottom right-hand corner of each page.

Subheadings

Subheadings should be used for longer papers, and should not be numbered.

Abbreviated terms

Abbreviated terms should be given in full on first use, with the abbreviated form in brackets; after that the abbreviation of the term may be utilised.

Hyphens

Hyphens should be spaced en dashes ( for – example).

Preferred Spelling of Technical Terms (unless quoting from a source that does something else):

Close-up
Cross-cutting / cross-cut
Daytime / night time
Eye-line
Filmmaker
Filmmaking
Mise-en-scène (not to be italicised)
Off-screen
On-screen
Out-of-focus (as an adjective)
Reverse-angle (as an adjective)
Reverse-field (as an adjective)
Set-up
Voice-over
Frame right

Genres, such as musical, horror, western, are not to be capitalised.

Dates should be written out as follows:
1930s
1 September 1974


Main Body Style Guide

  • Titles mentioned in the text, notes, or bibliography are capitalised “headline-style,” meaning that the first words of titles and subtitles and any important words thereafter should be capitalised.
  • Titles in the text as well as in notes and bibliographies are treated with quotation marks or italics based on the type of work they name.
    • Book and periodical titles (titles of larger works) should be italicised.
    • Article and chapter titles (titles of shorter works) should be enclosed in double quotation marks.
    • Titles of films should be italicised.
    • Otherwise, take a minimalist approach to capitalisation.
      • For example, use lowercase terms to describe periods, except in the case of proper nouns (e.g., “the colonial period,” vs. “the Victorian era”).
    • A prose quotation of five or more lines should be “blocked.” The block quotation should match the surrounding text, and it takes no quotation marks. To offset the block quote from surrounding text, indent the entire quotation using the word processor’s indentation tool. It is also possible to offset the block quotation by using a different or smaller font than the surrounding text.
  • Italics:
    • Foreign words not commonly used in the English language should also be italicised.
    • Other italicisation (such as emphasis) should be kept to a minimum.
    • In the case of italics within a quote, please state if it is the author’s original emphasis or if emphasis was added: by including the words “author’s emphasis” or “emphasis added” in brackets directly after the quote.
  • Quotations:
    • Use double quotation marks throughout. The only exceptions to this rule are: quotes within quotes (instead, use single quotation marks); and quotes of more than four lines. Long quotes should be started on a new line; the entire quote should be indented from the left of the margin by 2.54 cm/1 inch; double-spacing should be maintained throughout; and parenthetical citation should appear after the closing punctuation mark.
    • Do not place punctuation inside of the quotation marks, unless it appears in the original quote.


Endnote Style Guide

These notes should be used for references, additional information or necessary comments only. If something is crucial to the text, then it should appear within the text itself. Therefore, notes should be kept to a minimum. The Notes section should be titled so and appear after the body of the piece: with the word “Notes” as a heading (left aligned), in font size 12 and in bold.

  • Endnote numbers should begin with “1” and follow consecutively throughout a given paper.
  • In the text:
    • Note numbers are superscripted.
    • Note numbers should be placed at the end of the clause or sentence to which they refer and should be placed after all punctuation, except for a dash.
  • In the footnotes:
    • Note numbers are full-sized, not raised, and followed by a period (superscripting note numbers in the notes themselves is also acceptable).
    • Lines within a footnote should be formatted aligned-left. Place commentary after source documentation when a footnote contains both; separate commentary and documentation by a period.
      • In parenthetical citation, separate documentation from brief commentary with a semicolon.


Reference Style Guide

Frames Cinema Journal employs the Manual of Chicago Style so all text, references, notes and bibliography should be formatted accordingly.

The reference section should list all works cited (excluding films) within the piece and appear after Notes on a separate page with the words “References” as a heading (left aligned), in Times New Roman font size 12 and in bold. All monographic or journal materials should appear in a list titled “Bibliography”. All films should be listed separately under the heading “Filmography”. also in Times New Roman font size 12 and in bold.

General Model for Citing Material in the Chicago Notes and Bibliography System:

General Model for Books:  

Endnote:

  1. First name Last name, Title of Book (Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication), page number.

Corresponding bibliographical entry:

Last name, First name. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.

 

Book by multiple authors

Two or more authors should be listed in the order they appear as authors, and not necessarily alphabetically.

Endnote:

  1. First name Last name and First name Last name, Title of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication), page range.

Corresponding bibliographical entry:

Last name, First name, and First name Last name. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.

 

Chapter from a single-authored book

Endnote:

  1. First name Last name, “Title of Chapter,” in Title of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication), page range.

Corresponding bibliographical entry:

Last name, First name. “Title of Chapter.” In Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.

 

General Model for Journal Articles:

Endnote:

  1. First name Last name, “Article Title,” Journal Title Volume Number, Issue Number (no.#) (Year): Page/s.

Corresponding bibliographical entry:

Last name, First name. “Article Title.” Journal Title 58, Title Volume Number, Issue Number (no.#) (Year): Article page range.


Electronic Journals:

Endnote:

  1. First name Last name, “Article Title,” Journal Title Volume Number, Issue Number (no.#) (Year): Page/s, accessed Month Date, Year, full URL/DOI.

Corresponding bibliographical entry:

Last name, First name. “Article Title.” Journal Title 58, Title Volume Number, Issue Number (no.#) (Year): Article page range. Accessed Month Date, Year, full URL/DOI.


General Model for Citing Film, Television, and Other Recorded Media:

Endnote:

Entire Work:

  1. Firstname Lastname, Title of Work, directed/performed by Firstname Lastname (Original release year; City: Studio/Distributor, video release year), medium.

Episode:

  1. Title of Work, episode number, “Episode Title,” directed/written/performed by Firstname Lastname, aired Month day, year, on Network Name, URL.

Corresponding Bibliographical Entry:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Work. Directed/Performed by Firstname Lastname. Original Release Year; City: Studio/Distributor, video release year. Medium.

Lastname, Firstname, dir. Title of Work. Season number, episode number, “Episode Title.” Aired Month day, year, on Network Name. URL.


Image Use

  • There is no set limit for illustrations, but the FCJ editorial board reserves the right to restrict the number of illustrations per submission.
  • Authors must seek permission wherever necessary for the use of images from films and other media including stills, clips, posters, etc. and for written material (where appropriate).
  • The editorial board of FCJ will not pay for illustrations and the responsibility of obtaining reproduction clearance rests with the contributor.
  • Once a submission is accepted subsequent to peer review (in the case of essay submission), contributors should immediately begin to request images and permission for reproduction if they have not done so before.
  • As FCJ is a non-profit-making scholarly journal, contributors should try to negotiate a reduced fee for illustration and reproduction, in the case that costs are incurred.
  • If film, video or television stills are used in an essay/article/review for the purposes of criticism and/or review, the editorial board of Frames considers that it is not always necessary to obtain permission to reproduce film stills, as long as they are used directly for these purposes.
  • If images are used for purely decorative purposes, the FCJ board advises that permission be sought from the rights holder. Furthermore, authors should only use an amount of images necessary to demonstrate the points being made in the essay/article.
  • Full credits should be provided for the source of every image, whether or not permission has been sought.
  • Digital still images should be sent as JPG, PNG or GIF files, in 300 or higher dpi (print resolution).
  • Images should be sent as separate email attachments and not embedded within the text.
  • At the final submission stage, please supply digital images of all suggested illustrations accompanied by a list of images including captions and credits as a Word document.
  • Please specify if you have a preference for where the image is positioned by indicating the appropriate place in the body the text in bold and brackets: e.g. [Filename.jpg].
  • With regard to other illustrations, such as photographs, posters, other printed matter and any other images, authors should first establish whether the image is protected by copyright and apply for permission for use from the rights holder, if necessary.

Proofreading
If a contributor feels that they are not completely fluent in the English language, the editors advise that they get the piece proofread before submission. While the editors will be happy to respond to queries from contributors regarding guidelines, each contributor is encouraged to submit their essay/article/review as a publishable piece.